Cuban Music Styles
Son is a generic term for the musical family of country music originating in Oriente de Cuba (Eastern Cuba), as well as a style within the family itself. Traditionally, Son was played with an ensemble similar to a Changüi, but the Contra Bass replaced the Marimbula and the Guayo was replaced by the Güiro and or the Maracas. Also, it is the first time that clave as we know play it is really present
In 1993, the Cuban musician José Luis Cortés travelled with his group NG La Banda through a tour of Japan. At that time this important musician tried to achieve a different sound from what was already established in the Salsa movement that was dominated by Puerto Rican groups and singers. This was the romantic period of Salsa and the main musical ingredient inside her was the bolero. It had already received nicknames such as Salsa Erótica (the erotic sauce).
During the 19th century different forms for presenting songs appeared in Cuba, all of which were marked with elements that offered national pride. Among them the Cuban lyrical songs were emphasized: Habaneras, boleros and, in a very special place, the trovadoresca (or, troubadour-style) song form.
Punto Guajiro (also called Punto Cubano) is the country music from the Western and Central provinces of Cuba. This style began to become popular around the end of the 18th century, mainly as a social event. Remember that in the east there were changui's, in Havana and Matanzas there were rumba’s. The punto is the same thing, a party in which the music played became a genre.
La nueva trova, fenomeno estetico nacido en la segunda mitad de la decada del 60 en la mayor de las islas del caribe, es la cantinuacion de movimientos trovadorezcos anteriores como la llamada Trova Tradicional y el Feeling. Para hablar de este ultimo moviento dentro de la cancion cubana, es preciso dar un pequeo paseo por la historia de ellos.
Nengon was the precursor to both Son and Changüi. It evolved into Son in Santiago de Cuba and Changüi (when it fused with Kiriba) in Guantanamo province.
Kiriba is a style of Son from a different area of Cuba. It mostly originated in the Baracoa area, which is also where the Changüi was created. In fact where the fusion of Kiriba and Nengon takes place is where Changüi is invented. And where Nengon evolved, it evolved into Son.
Changüi was born in Guantanamo Province, Cuba (specifically the Baracoa area) from the style called Nengon. There are some conflicting answers you will receive when you ask the question, "What is Changüi"? The answer from an ethnomusicology point if view is simple, but like most academic answers, it leaves more questions and sometimes contradicts popular definitions.